• 消费提醒:购买二手车 留意隐形瑕疵 2019-07-20
  • 【砥砺奋进六十年·全国主流媒体宁夏行】非遗文化技艺助农民脱贫 2019-06-26
  • 叶倾城的专栏作者中国国家地理网 2019-06-26
  • 图解:喜迎十九大,听这19位名家的文艺“初心” 2019-06-20
  • 辣评 张学之:那些年厨卫展上的老人新面孔 2019-06-20
  • 这个五月不一般 《复仇者联盟3》领衔大片季 2019-06-19
  • 乌拉圭主帅“袒护”苏亚雷斯:有时球门好像变窄了 2019-06-19
  • 回复@遇得:难道你认为他们没有深入领会 2019-06-18
  • 夏季肠道容易“中风” 2019-06-18
  • 骗子用女子照片制作“通缉令” 诈骗对方11万 2019-06-01
  • 中央纪委:生态环境部纪检组举报方式公布 2019-05-21
  • 住房和城乡建设部部长王蒙徽:房价过快上涨势头得到有效抑制 2019-05-21
  • 滴滴,你的“美好出行”承诺何时能兑现 2019-05-21
  • 陈秋冬:评估AI项目 我们需要思考三个问题 2019-05-19
  • 马刺头号球星申请换队并确定下家 波波维奇也不好使了 2019-05-14
  • 英语资讯
    News

    时时彩详:VOA慢速英语:美国:一个红色行动的国家

    Source: 时时彩计划群太阳    2019-04-21   English BBS   Favorite  

    Today, a different kind of Words and Their Stories - an examination of the word redaction.

    This week, United States Attorney General William Barr released the long-awaited report by special counsel Robert Mueller. The report presents the findings of Mueller's investigation into possible collusion between the presidential campaign of Donald Trump and Russia. It also aimed to answer whether Trump tried to obstruct justice during the investigation.

    The 400-page report, however, includes "redactions." And Congress is prepared to fight the administration to get a complete "un-redacted" report released to the public.

    Dictionary publisher Merriam-Webster defines the verb "redact" as "to select or adapt (as by...removing sensitive information) for publication or release."

    The publisher said searches for the words "redact, redacted and redaction" increased 4,000 percent on March 29. The rise in searches followed Barr's letter to Congress on the Mueller report. In the letter, Barr wrote that he was "preparing the report for release, making the redactions that are required."

    Barr said the "redactions" are needed to protect grand jury material, classified intelligence, ongoing investigations and the privacy rights of others.

    The U.S. government has "redacted" things from the most sensitive information to the most harmless facts throughout history.

    Tom Blanton is with the National Security Archive, an organization that calls for open government. He told the Associated Press, "We believe there are real secrets, common-sense secrets, like names of people in the field who would be killed or specifications of weapons of systems."

    Blanton added, "But redactions are also overused."

    Blanton noted that the U.S. government "redacted" information on intelligence files for Chilean dictator Augusto Pinochet, who was accused of human rights abuses. In 2003, the Defense Intelligence Agency released documents that included Pinochet's life story. Some information, however, was "redacted" for national security.

    Blanton found out that the "redacted" information included Pinochet's favorite alcoholic drinks.

    David Cole is legal director of the American Civil Liberties Union. He said any government official with a security clearance would want to "redact" some information.

    Cole said, "If you make a mistake and disclose something you shouldn't have, that mistake is public. If you decide to keep something secret that doesn't need to be secret, that mistake is private."

    The need for "redaction" is as old as the country itself.

    In 1787, America's founding fathers met in Pennsylvania to draft the nation's Constitution behind closed doors. They wanted to speak freely and keep some information from the public.

    No official papers were kept on the debate, so there was nothing to "redact." And James Madison's personal notes of the meeting did not come out until 1836, after Madison and other delegates were dead.

    "I think they are pretty reliable," historian Gordon Wood said of Madison's notes. "But they may only account for a fraction of what was said at the convention."

    At the end of World War II, the U.S. became a superpower. The amount of "redacted" documents grew with the establishment of the Central Intelligence Agency and the National Security Council.

    Tim Weiner wrote "Legacy of Ashes: The History of the CIA." He said, "In 1947, when you have creation of the CIA and the NSC, you have the production of literally billions of papers and billions of secrets contained within them."

    In the years since, U.S. intelligence and other agencies have "redacted" some unlikely information from the public. The list includes:

    •A method for opening sealed letters without detection and a formula for secret ink from Germany during World War I. The information was "redacted" until 2011.
    •The "redaction" in 2014 of remarks about the Cuban Missile Crisis made by Soviet leader Nikita Khrushchev. The remarks were made 50 years earlier in a public speech.
    •FBI files about actor Marilyn Monroe's reported Communist sympathies were "redacted" until 2012, 50 years after her death.
    I'm Bryan Lynn.

    Hai Do adapted this story for Learning English based on Associated Press reports with additional materials from Merriam Webster and Department of Justice. Ashley Thompson was the editor.

    Write to us in the Comments Section or on 时时彩计划群太阳 .


    将本页收藏到:
    上一篇:VOA慢速英语:研究调查了美国人是如何看待鸟类的
    下一篇:VOA慢速英语:研究称一些美国大学无法接触到农村学生

    最新更新
    论坛精彩内容
    网站地图 - 学习交流 - 恒星英语论坛 - 时时彩计划群太阳 - 时时彩计划群太阳 - 时时彩计划群太阳 - 时时彩计划群太阳
    Copyright ©2006-2007 时时彩计划群太阳 www.waep.com.cn All Rights Reserved
  • 消费提醒:购买二手车 留意隐形瑕疵 2019-07-20
  • 【砥砺奋进六十年·全国主流媒体宁夏行】非遗文化技艺助农民脱贫 2019-06-26
  • 叶倾城的专栏作者中国国家地理网 2019-06-26
  • 图解:喜迎十九大,听这19位名家的文艺“初心” 2019-06-20
  • 辣评 张学之:那些年厨卫展上的老人新面孔 2019-06-20
  • 这个五月不一般 《复仇者联盟3》领衔大片季 2019-06-19
  • 乌拉圭主帅“袒护”苏亚雷斯:有时球门好像变窄了 2019-06-19
  • 回复@遇得:难道你认为他们没有深入领会 2019-06-18
  • 夏季肠道容易“中风” 2019-06-18
  • 骗子用女子照片制作“通缉令” 诈骗对方11万 2019-06-01
  • 中央纪委:生态环境部纪检组举报方式公布 2019-05-21
  • 住房和城乡建设部部长王蒙徽:房价过快上涨势头得到有效抑制 2019-05-21
  • 滴滴,你的“美好出行”承诺何时能兑现 2019-05-21
  • 陈秋冬:评估AI项目 我们需要思考三个问题 2019-05-19
  • 马刺头号球星申请换队并确定下家 波波维奇也不好使了 2019-05-14